This shows the specialized terms used in EarthWise Academy. This section contains all the definitions used in the various course glossaries used by each course.
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Sample collected from the distribution system.
The application of ozone to water for disinfection or for taste and odor control.
The addition of oxygen, removal of hydrogen, or the removal of electrons from an element of compound. With respect to water treatment, organic matter is oxidized to more stable substances.
Waste material that comes mainly from animal or plant sources. Organic wastes generally can be consumed by bacteria and other small organisms. Inorganic wastes are chemical substances of mineral origin.
Substances that come from animal or plant sources and contain carbon. Examples include wood, sugars, proteins, plastics, petroleum-based compounds, solvents and pesticides.
Derived from animals and plants, or may be manufactured chemical compounds. However, all organics contain carbon. Organic contaminants can be biodegradable, which means that the contaminants can be consumed by bacteria and other microorganisms. In the process of being consumed, these organics will exert an oxygen demand (BOD) which can be measured as the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) of the wastewater. Some organic contaminants (refractory organics) are resistant to biodegradation.
Optimal Corrosion Control Treatment
Optimal Corrosion Control Treatment (OCCT)
Corrosion control treatment that minimizes the lead and copper concentrations at users' taps while ensuring that the treatment does not cause the system to violate any primary maximum contaminant level.