Course Glossary


This shows the specialized terms used in EarthWise Academy. This section contains all the definitions used in the various course glossaries used by each course.

Browse the glossary using this index

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F

Facultative Bacteria

Bacteria that can use either dissolved oxygen or chemically derived oxygen (from nitrate, sulfate or carbonate) for respiration and use organic materials for energy and growth. In other words, facultative heterotrophs can live under aerobic, anoxic or anaerobic conditions.

  • (BIO10) Estimating Sludge Volume (2343)
  • BNR01) Nitrification and Denitrification – An Introduction to Nitrogen Removal (1485)
  • (BNR02) Nitrification Factors – Suspended Growth Treatment Systems (1821)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria

Coliform bacteria (microorganisms) found in the intestinal tract of warm-blooded animals (including humans). Unlike total coliforms, which include a number of normal soil inhabitants that are harmless, fecal coliforms are more reliable indicators of fecal contamination, which may result in the spread of intestinal disease.

  • (TCR01) Total Coliform Rule – Overview (1424)
  • (TCR02) Total Coliform Rule – Monitoring And Reporting Requirements (1425)
  • (TCR03) Total Coliform Rule – Maintaining Compliance (1426)

Federal Safe Drinking Water Act

The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was established to protect the quality of drinking water in the U.S. This law focuses on all waters actually or potentially designed for drinking use, whether from aboveground or underground sources. The Act authorized EPA to establish safe standards of purity and required all owners or operators of public water systems to comply with primary (health-related) standards. State governments, which assume this power from EPA, also encourage attainment of secondary standards (aesthetic-related).

  • (PNR10) Public Notification - An Introduction for NCWSs (2332)
  • (PNR11) Public Notification - Violations and Tiers for NCWSs (2333)

Field Order

An appealable notice given when, upon inspection, DEP staff determines a regulated facility has not attempted to correct a violation. These provide the facility with a time frame in which to correct the problem considered to be an imminent threat to human health and environment.

  • (TCR01) Total Coliform Rule – Overview (1424)
  • (TCR02) Total Coliform Rule – Monitoring And Reporting Requirements (1425)
  • (TCR03) Total Coliform Rule – Maintaining Compliance (1426)

Filtrate

Liquid derived from the dewatering of sludge.

  • (BNR01) Nitrification and Denitrification – An Introduction to Nitrogen Removal (1485)

Filtration

The process of removing fine particles from water by passing the water through various layers of media.

  • (CCR01)Consumer Confidence Report (CCR) Overview (2338)
  • (COA01) Coagulation – Part 1: The Chemistry of Coagulation (1248)
  • (DBP40) Enhanced Coagulation – Basics (1280)
  • (DBP43) Jar Testing for Process Control of Conventional Filtration: Part 1 (2019)

Finished Water

Water that has been treated and is ready to be delivered to customers.

  • (CCR01)Consumer Confidence Report (CCR) Overview (2338)

 

Floc

Masses of non-settleable microorganisms and particles that come together to form progressively larger, heavier particles.

Flow Rate

Rate of wastewater flow through a wastewater treatment facility, typically measured in million gallons per day (MGD).

  • (BNR01) Nitrification and Denitrification – An Introduction to Nitrogen Removal (1485)
  • (BNR02) Nitrification Factors – Suspended Growth Treatment Systems (1821)

Forage

Herbage that is available and acceptable to grazing animals.

  • (BIO01) Biosolids Agronomic Loading Rates Part 1 (1247)
  • (BIO02) Biosolids Agronomic Loading Rates Part 2 – Manure (1484)

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